List of open source real-time operating systems

Name License Description Version Links Last updated
FreeRTOS MIT
  • MSP430
  • ARM
  • AVR
  • ColdFire
  • PIC
  • x86
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • TLS/SSL
  • Command Line Interface
  • Runtime Analysis
FreeRTOS is a popular real-time operating system for embedded devices, being ported to 31 microcontrollers. It is distributed under the GPL with an optional exception. V10.0.1 Code 2017-12-26
RT-Thread Modified GPL v2
  • ARM
  • x86
  • MIPS
  • PowerPC
  • RISC-V
  • Andes
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • AT Commands
  • Command Line Interface
  • Runtime Analysis
  • USBHost
  • USBDevice
RT-Thread is an open source real-time operating system for embedded devices from China. RT-Thread RTOS is a scalable real-time operating system: a tiny kernel for ARM Cortex-M0, Cortex-M3/4, or a full feature system in ARM Cortex-A8, ARM Cortex-A9 DualCor v3.0.4 GitHub 2018-05-31
Contiki OS BSD
  • MSP430
  • ARM
  • AVR
  • 8051
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • 6LoWPAN
  • Command Line Interface
Contiki is an open source operating system for the Internet of Things. Contiki connects tiny low-cost, low-power microcontrollers to the Internet. 3.0 GitHub 2017-10-11
mbed OS Apache License
  • ARM
  • BLE
  • LoRaWAN
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • 6LoWPAN
  • AT Commands
  • TLS/SSL
  • Runtime Analysis
  • USBHost
  • USBDevice
mbed OS is an open-source embedded operating system designed specifically for the "things" in the Internet of Things (IoT). It includes all the features you need to develop a connected product based on an ARM Cortex-M microcontroller. mbed-os-5.9.0 GitHub 2018-06-11
ChibiOS/RT Modified GPL
  • MSP430
  • AVR
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • USBHost
  • USBDevice
ChibiOS is a complete development environment for embedded applications including RTOS, an HAL, peripheral drivers, support files and a development environment. 18.2.1 Code 2018-05-01
NuttX BSD
  • ARM
  • AVR
  • 8051
  • PIC
  • x86
  • MIPS
  • Xtensa
  • RISC-V
  • Freescale HCS12
  • Zilog
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • 6LoWPAN
  • Command Line Interface
  • USBHost
  • USBDevice
  • GUI
NuttX is a real-time operating system (RTOS) with an emphasis on standards compliance and small footprint. Scalable from 8-bit to 32-bit microcontroller environments, the primary governing standards in NuttX are Posix and ANSI standards. 7.25 Code 2018-06-11
RIOT LGPLv2.1
  • MSP430
  • ARM
  • AVR
  • MIPS
  • RISC-V
  • LoRaWAN
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • 6LoWPAN
  • GUI
RIOT is a real-time multi-threading operating system that supports a range of devices that are typically found in the Internet of Things (IoT): 8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit microcontrollers. 2018.04 GitHub 2018-05-11
RTEMS GPL
  • ARM
  • x86
  • MIPS
  • PowerPC
  • m68k
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • TLS/SSL
  • Command Line Interface
RTEMS is an open source RTOS that supports open standard application programming interfaces such as POSIX. It is used in space flight, medical, networking and many more embedded devices. 4.11 Code 2018-02-16
Apache Mynewt Apache License
  • ARM
  • BLE
  • LoRaWAN
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • 6LoWPAN
  • TLS/SSL
  • Runtime Analysis
Apache Mynewt OS is a real-time, modular operating system for connected IoT devices that need to operate for long periods of time under power, memory, and storage constraints. It provides a complete environment for prototyping, developing, and managing em pre_sterly_refactor GitHub 2016-09-21
Mongoose OS GPL v2
  • ARM
  • Xtensa
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • TLS/SSL
Mongoose OS - an open source Operating System for Internet of Things. Supported microcontrollers: ESP32, ESP8266, CC3220, CC3200, STM32F4. Amazon AWS IoT & Google IoT Core integrated. Code in C or JavaScript. 2.3 GitHub 2018-06-15
Xenomai GPL
  • ARM
  • x86
  • PowerPC
  • FileSystem
  • Network
  • TLS/SSL
Xenomai is a real-time development framework cooperating with the Linux kernel, in order to provide a pervasive, interface-agnostic, hard real-time support to user-space applications, seamlessly integrated into the GNU/Linux environment. v3.0.7 Code 2018-07-25
Atomthreads BSD
  • AVR
Atomthreads is a free, lightweight, portable, real-time scheduler for embedded systems. release1.3 GitHub 2017-08-27
StratifyOS GPL
  • ARM
StratifyOS is a powerful embedded RTOS for the ARM Cortex M microcontrollers. v3.6.0 GitHub 2018-04-20
distortos Mozilla Public License Version 2.0
  • ARM
Distortos is an advanced RTOS written in C++11. v0.5.0 GitHub 2017-09-14
Zephyr Apache License
  • ARM
  • x86
The Zephyr™ Project is a scalable, real-time operating system (RTOS) supporting multiple hardware architectures, optimized for resource constrained devices, and built with security in mind. This Linux Foundation hosted project embraces open source development values and governance on its mission to unite leaders from across the industry to produce a best-in-breed solution. zephyr-v1.12.0 GitHub 2018-06-11
StateOS GPL v3
  • ARM
Free, extremely simple and amazingly tiny real-time operating system (RTOS) designed for deeply embedded applications. Target: ARM Cortex-M family. It was inspired by the concept of a state machine. v6.0 GitHub 2018-05-25
F9 Microkernel BSD
  • ARM
F9 microkernel is a microkernel-based (L4-style) kernel to support running real-time and time-sharing applications (for example, wireless communications) for ARM Cortex-M series microprocessors with efficiency (performance + power consumption) and security (memory protection + isolated execution) in mind. GitHub 2017-02-02
BRTOS MIT
  • MSP430
  • AVR
  • ColdFire
  • PIC
BRTOS is a lightweight preemptive real time operating system designed for low end microcontrollers. GitHub 2017-09-17
BeRTOS Modified GPL
  • AVR
  • x86
  • PowerPC
  • x86_64
BeRTOS is a real time open source operating system supplied with drivers and libraries designed for the rapid development of embedded software. GitHub 2017-01-23
Erika Enterprise Modified GPL
  • MSP430
  • ARM
  • AVR
Erika Enterprise is the first open-source Free RTOS that has been certified OSEK/VDX compliant!. GH40 GitHub 2018-06-12
BitThunder GPL v2
  • ARM
A Reliable Real-Time Operating System & Application Framework. stable-0.9.2 GitHub 2017-01-25
TNeo Other
  • ARM
TNeo is a well-formed and carefully tested preemptive real-time kernel for 16- and 32-bits MCUs. It is compact and fast. v1.08 GitHub 2017-02-25
LibreRTOS Apache License
  • AVR
LibreRTOS is a portable single-stack Real Time Operating System. All tasks share the same stack, allowing a large number or tasks to be created even on architectures with low RAM, such as ATmega328P (2kB). dev-master GitHub 2017-11-15
IntrOS GPL v3
  • ARM
Free, simple and tiny cooperative operating system (OS) designed for deeply embedded applications. v4.0 GitHub 2018-05-25
embox Other
  • MSP430
  • ARM
  • MIPS
  • PowerPC
Embox is a configurable operating system kernel designed for resource constrained and embedded systems. v0.3.21 GitHub 2018-03-31
uKOS GPL v3
  • ARM
uKOS is a multi-tasking OS suitable for small embedded µController systems. It is based on a preventive multitasking scheduler. 4.0.0 2017-04-26
seL4 Other
  • ARM
The world's first operating-system kernel with an end-to-end proof of implementation correctness and security enforcement is available as open source. 10.0.0 GitHub 2018-05-28
Trampoline GPL v2
  • ARM
  • AVR
  • PowerPC
Trampoline is a static RTOS for small embedded systems. Its API is aligned with OSEK/VDX OS and AUTOSAR OS 4.2 standards. dev-master GitHub 2017-12-07
eChronos Other
  • PowerPC
The eChronos RTOS is a real-time operating system (RTOS) originally developed by NICTA and Breakaway Consulting Pty. Ltd. It is intended for tightly resource-constrained devices without memory protection. v3.0.2 GitHub 2018-04-01
AliOS Things Apache License
  • ARM
AliOS Things is designed for low power, resource constrained MCU, connectivity SoC, greatly suitable for IoT devices. AliOS Things is not just a RTOS, it contains full stack of software components and tools for building IoT devices. v1.3.1 GitHub 2018-05-31
LiteOS BSD
  • ARM
Huawei LiteOS is a lightweight open-source IoT OS and a smart hardware development platform. It simplifies IoT device development and device connectivity, makes services smarter, delivers superb user experience, and provides better data protection. Huawei LiteOS is designed for smart homes, wearables, IoV, and intelligent manufacturing applications. v1.1.1 GitHub 2017-04-01
TizenRT Apache License 2.0
  • ARM
TizenRT is a lightweight RTOS-based platform to support low-end IoT devices 1.1_Public_Release GitHub 2017-10-27
MOE MIT
  • ARM
MOE is an event-driven scheduler system for 8/16/32-bit MCUs. MOE means "Minds Of Embedded system". V0.1.6 GitHub 2017-04-21
cocoOS BSD
  • MSP430
  • ARM
  • AVR
cocoOS is a free, open source, cooperative task scheduler, based on coroutines targeted for embedded microcontrollers like AVR, MSP430 and STM32. 5.0.1 2018-06-15

RTOSs not under active development ( Not updated for more than 2 years )

Name License Description Version Links Last updated
Femto OS GPL AVR Femto OS: RTOS for small MCU's like AVR. Code 2012-12-09
RTAI GPL ARM x86 PowerPC x86_64 m68k RTAI is the RealTime Application Interface for Linux - which lets you write applications with strict timing constraints for your favourite operating system. The RTAI distribution includes RTAI-Lab, a tool chain to convert block diagrams into RTAI executab RTAI 5.0-test1 Code 2015-12-06
Protothreads BSD AVR 8051 Protothreads are extremely lightweight stackless threads designed for severely memory constrained systems. 2005-04-08
eCos GPL ARM MIPS PowerPC eCos is a free open source real-time operating system intended for embedded applications. The highly configurable nature of eCos allows the operating system to be customised to precise application requirements, delivering the best possible run-time perfor 2013-08-25
Freescale MQX Other ARM ColdFire The Freescale MQX Real-Time Operating System (RTOS) provides real-time performance within a small, configurable footprint. The RTOS is tightly integrated with the latest 32-bit MCUs and MPUs from Freescale and is provided with commonly used device drivers 4.2.0 2015-03-07
FunkOS Other MSP430 AVR FunkOS is an RTOS for 8-32 bit MCUs including AVR, MSP430, and Cortex M3. Both C and C++ kernels avaiable. Key features include preemption, periodic events, device drivers, and mutex/semaphores. Includes a variety of graphics and filesystem middleware. 2013-04-23
Fusion Embedded RTOS Other ARM PowerPC The Fusion Embedded RTOS (Real-Time Operating System) from Unicoi Systems is a Real-Time OS designed and optimized for networking and media-centric processors. 2015-03-08
MARK3 BSD AVR Mark3 is a sophisticated, modern RTOS and application development platform, targeted towards a growing list of today's most compelling embedded devices. Code 2015-03-08
Nut/OS GPL AVR ColdFire Nut/OS is an intentionally simple RTOS for the ATmega128, which provides a minimum of services to run Nut/Net, the TCP/IP stack. Code 2014-11-20
Prex BSD ARM x86 Prex is an open source, royalty-free, real-time operating system for embedded systems. It is designed and implemented for resource-constrained systems that require predictable timing behavior. The highly portable code of Prex is written in 100% ANSI C bas 0.9.0 Code 2009-10-01
scmRTOS MIT MSP430 AVR scmRTOS stands for Single-Chip Microcontroller Real-Time Operating System. v5.1.0 GitHub 2016-04-19
TNKernel GPL MSP430 ColdFire TNKernel is a compact and very fast real-time kernel for the embedded 32/16/8 bits microprocessors. 2013-06-06
uSmartX BSD ARM AVR uSmartX is a non-preemptive, multitasking, priority based RTOS. 1.34 Code 2006-01-14
TI-RTOS Kernel Other TI-RTOS Kernel (formerly known as SYS/BIOS v3.00.00 2016-07-09
DuinOS Other AVR DuinOS is a small multithreading real time operating system (RTOS), based on the FreeRTOS kernel, for Arduino compatible boards. FreeRTOS_V7.4.0 GitHub 2013-04-02